Casino Games – The Avant Dernier Strategy in Baccarat

Many gamblers who frequently play casino games online will at some point stumble upon the game of Baccarat. While most players today seem to prefer playing video slots and other graphically stunning casino games when they are online, Baccarat is one of those classic and traditional card games that has been played for centuries. In fact, this game is believed to have been introduced during the reign of King Charles VIII who was the ruler of France between 1483 and 1498 – and it has been played all over the world ever since. Today, every decent online casino with some self-respect will host at least one or several variants of Baccarat.

Despite its reputation of being a very difficult casino game to master, Baccarat is actually quite easy to get a grip of since there are only three types of bets that can be placed. In short, the object of the game is to finish as close to the number nine as possible in each hand. Players can place bets on whether the player hand or the dealer hand will win. Bets can also be placed on the less frequent outcome of a tie between the player and the dealer (“the banker”). So again, there are only three types of bets that can be made.

Having said that, Baccarat does have a long history of players looking for trends and patterns throughout the game sessions, and in land based casinos there are always plenty of detailed scorecards and pencils available to track the games – something that many players utilize almost religiously.

One of the most popular and widely used betting strategies in Baccarat is the “Avant Dernier” system. This strategy is immensely popular among players in continental Europe and is indeed a very fun way to play Baccarat – however, this does not in any way imply that it is a long-term winning system.

“Avant dernier” is French and simply means “before last”. The proposition of this strategy is to always bet on the second last winning result. For instance, if there is a winning sequence of banker-player-banker-banker, then the next bet will be placed on the banker. In this sequence, the second last win, (the third winning hand in this sequence), was banker. In contrast, if there is a winning sequence of player-banker-player-banker, then the next bet will be placed on the player. As you can see from these examples – and to avoid any confusion – this system does not require the hands to win exactly in turns since the bet will always be placed on the second last result!

The Avant Dernier system can be quite successful in those game sessions where the winning hand fluctuates between the player and the banker. Therefore, many casino players like this strategy since it does not require a large bankroll or the use of progressive betting. As described above, the Avant Dernier system is also a fun way to play the game of Baccarat.

So yes, casino games should be fun and exciting to play – but it is also about winning the money! As with every gambling or betting strategy, it is impossible for the Avant Dernier system to be profitable at all times. This lies in the nature of casino gambling as the house always have a slight advantage against their players. The Avant Dernier strategy will sooner or later find itself in trouble (and face losing streaks) when long winning sequences occur in “double chopping”-pairs like banker-banker-player-player-banker-banker and so forth. The system does however prevent from losing money when very long winning streaks of a single winning hand takes place, like player-player-player-player and so on. This is probably one of the reasons the Avant Dernier system is so popular among casino players.

Yes, it is true – when considering odds only, the safest bet one can place in Baccarat at any given time is to place a bet on the banker. Regardless of winning streaks and patterns, the banker bet will always have the most favorable odds for winning the hand prior to being dealt. But then again, when playing long game sessions with many, many hands – placing banker bets only will not prevent long losing streaks when the other hand starts to win several times in a row.

I guess it is all a matter of taste and your gambling style when playing casino games. Some players will frown upon not following the mathematical odds at all times. Others will accept a slight detour from these odds, as long as this prevents them from losing their entire bankroll when these inevitable long runs occur sooner or later.

Origins of Baccarat

Baccarat is known as the card game of the rich and famous. Baccarat was so enigmatically linked with the wealthy upper classes and rich and famous and as a result many people shunned the game its triumphant emergence online.

Baccarat is one of the easiest of casino games to learn and play and can really generate some excitement when played at an online casino. There is no skill involved in the game as the rules determine each hands action. The only variable involved is the betting. In short, Baccarat is a game of chance.

Baccarat is thought to have originated in either France or Italy during the middle Ages. The word baccarat is a derivative of the Italian word for zero. In the middle ages the game was played using Tarot cards as opposed to the modern day card used today.

As Baccarat’s popularity increased across Europe, as with most of the other forms of gambling in those days there was some rigorous opposition from the Church. The Church viewed Baccarat as the game of the devil and those who played it were carrying out the devil’s work.

Tarot cards were first used in a game of Baccarat by Felix Galguiere. The Etruscan nine gods are said to be the basis for Galguiere’s version of the game. In this early edition of Baccarat, dice were rolled to determine the fate of a woman since the nine gods required the sacrifice of a blond virgin.

A roll of either an eight or nine made her a priestess; a six or seven and she was banned from religious activities; a number less than six and she walked into the sea and disappeared.

This early Baccarat variant became the game of choice for the upper classes and aristocracy and eventually evolved into ‘Chemin de Fer’ and European Baccarat it is thought that this took place at approximately 1500. The game, even though extremely popular, was illegal at first, as any form of gambling was. Eventually, the government made it legal and placed taxes on it. This made the game even more popular because people could rationalize that they were doing something for the good of the poor when they played baccarat thanks to the tax involved. The game began to lose its popularity during Napoleon’s reign when it was again outlawed. It remained illegal until the early 1900’s. At around this time many of the grand casinos were established along the French Riviera.

This version is the one that eventually made it way over to America but was a different version of the game that came from England. Baccarat was legal in England during the period that it was illegal across the rest of the Continent.

The English version of Baccarat reached the shores of Argentina in early 1950, where it was called ‘Punto y Banca’. When the game eventually reached Havana, the aim of the game had differed somewhat as now the player played against the house. It is this version, American Baccarat that was played in the casinos in Havana.

The Capri Casino version is the Baccarat variant that migrated to Las Vegas in the mid 1950s via Francis Renzoni, after a Las Vegas casino opened a baccarat pit. The game began it new life in America as an unpopular addition to the casino game selection. Las Vegas adapted the game and made the banker the UK casino or house position. This made it possible to bet for or against the house with the banker position. This is the Baccarat variant that is now so popular in the United States, England and Australia.

Before the game of baccarat had reached Las Vegas, it was already being played in New York and Florida. The game was played at the Saratoga race track and at the Palm Beach resort in 1910, forty years before it was played in Las Vegas.

Since its origins in the Europe during the Middle Ages, Baccarat has steadily made it’s way across each continent eventually becoming one of the most famous and respected casino games in the world.

There are variations in play depending on the location at which you are playing, so it is always best to check the house rules. And, as so may other forms of gambling, baccarat has made its way onto the internet. Most online casinos offer baccarat games with some variation in house rules; the biggest I have found is that there are only two hands: the banker and one player. Again, it’s advised to check the house rules before you play. Some online casinos also play the game with a single deck of cards, which is unusual in a land-based casino.